Eclampsia is a deficiency of blood calcium (hypocalcemia) that develops in the weeks after giving birth, although it may develop prior to birth or during lactation. Occures 3 weeks after delivery.
Calcium is one of the most important ions in animal’s organisms. It’s necessary in neurotransmision and hence in voluntary movements. During pregnancy a lot of calcium from mother’s organisms is taken to built fetus bones. What is more, calcium is a main component of colostrum and then milk(‘milk feaver’) These are two main reasons why dogs after delivery are most likely to develop eclampsia.
Of course,not all of the new moms are exposed to this syndrome. It occurs especialy when parathyroid gland is underactive. The gland is responsible for secretion of parathyroid hormone which is responsible for resorption of calcium from bones to blood. Eclampsia is more common among nervous dogs. During stress the number of breaths increases which leads to acidosis ( in acidosis calcium is bind with proteins so there is less Ca in blood).
Action must be immediate to maintain life of the patient. The vet must give 10ml of 10% calcium gluconate slowly controling heartbeat at the same time. It can be also given afterwards intramuscularly with saline to prolonge the effect.