I live in the UK and went on Amazon today to look at cat trees for my two beautiful cats. While browsing I saw these and nearly fell off my chair!!!!


It’s to stop them scratching the furniture apparently. WHAT! If you…

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Run Joey Run Farm
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Johanna F. Herrstedt | via Tumblr em We Heart It.

A veces el tiempo no nos permite olvidar, pero si soltar un pasado al que estamos aferrados y seguir, Dejalo ir…

Herein is the value of a thorough oral exam, which cannot be performed on an awake animal. Anesthetic dental procedures allow for complete oral examination and dental x-rays, which allows you to discover dental disease that is not visible to the naked eye.
This dog’s carnassial tooth (the large tooth to the right) and the molar (the smaller tooth behind it) look normal. There is no excessive gum recession, and the tartar has been cleaned off the tooth, leaving a pearly white surface. The first photo shows the length of the dental probe. While probing the large carnassial tooth, the probe barely slips underneath the gumline because the gum is firmly attached to the bone underneath the tooth, as it should be.
A gentle probe to the molar behind it, though? WTF did my probe go????? It fell into a bottomless black hole! This is what is called a periodontal pocket, which is where the gum’s attachment to the bone has been eaten away, and the bone is typically in a state of destruction as well due to infection. The carnassial tooth was not extracted, but the molar behind it was.
The picture in the lower right shows a small premolar tooth. Premolars have two roots, and the gap between the two roots is filled in with bone. However, when the bone is eaten away, the furcation (the split between the roots) can become visible. In this case I could not see the furcation because the gum still came up to the bottom of the tooth. But when I tapped that area with the probe, it went all the way through to the other side of the tooth, which is a grade III furcation exposure (out of 3) and an indication for extraction.
Dentistry has an endlessly steep learning curve to it but I am constantly finding new things to be interested in about it all the time. Even if your pet seems to have clean teeth, things like this can lurk beneath the surface!

Sections of the different stomach compartments of a ruminant Across from top left: Rumen, Reticulum, Omasum, Abomasum
Ruminants are a class of animal that digest their food through fermentative digestion. This allows them to digest feeds which are indigestible to monogastrics - like us. 
Microbes including bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and even viruses work together to break down the structural components of ingested plant material. These microbes live in the rumen and reticulum of the animal. These compartments are known collectively as the ruminoreticulum and are the first compartment into which food enters. The major by-products of microbial digestion are Volatile Fatty Acids (VFAs) which are free fatty acids which pass through the wall of the rumen and are used for energy by the animal.
Protein in the feed is used by the microbes for their own reproduction and growth. The animal gets protein from its feed when the microbes pass through the next section of the stomach, the omasum (where water is absorbed), and on into the abomasum. The abomasum secretes acid to kill and digest the microbes which have passed from the ruminoreticulum. 


WORCESTER, Mass.: Frank and Louie the cat was born with two faces, two mouths, two noses, and three eyes.
Twelve years after his owner rescued him from being put to sleep because of his condition, the cat is not only thriving but has made it into the 2012 Guinness Book of World Records as the longest surviving member of a group known as Janus Cats, named for a Roman god with two faces.

lil baby cat
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¡Buena idea!
Horse muscles

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From Dr. Deb Bennett’s Principles of Equine Orthopedics Part 1